Singapore Airline Plane Landing (SIA)
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Is SIA Shares Worth Buying Now? (SGX: C6L/ SIAL.SI)

Right now Singapore Airlines Limited (C6L.SI / SIAL.SI) share price is at SGD$5.320

At this price, Singapore Airlines Limited is valued at a price-to-book ratio of 0.703 and a trailing distribution yield of 0.000%

With the current valuation, would I invest in it?

Let’s go through it using my 7 steps guide and see how I pick the Best Singapore Dividend Stocks.

As a quick recap, here are the 7 steps I use to pick the best Singapore Dividend Stocks.

  1. Debt to Equity Ratio
  2. Dividend Yield
  3. Dividend payout ratio
  4. EPS Growth Rate
  5. Return of Equity (ROE)
  6. Price-to-Book Ratio
  7. MOAT

Recommended Read: Why young investors should learn dividend investing?

Disclaimer: Information should be used for entertainment purposes only. Full disclaimer below.

Business Background

SIA was founded in 1947 and has its headquarters in Singapore. Singapore Airlines Limited is a subsidiary of Temasek Holdings (Private) Limited.

Singapore Airlines Limited, together with subsidiaries (SATSSIA Engineering, etc.) provides passenger and cargo air transportation services.

SIA Group Airlines

  • Singapore Airline
  • SilkAir
  • Scoot
  • Singapore Airlines Cargo

Airline route network:

  • 105 destinations
  • 37 countries

SIA has 20 subsidiaries which include:

Operating fleet as of 2020

  • 203 aircraft (196 passenger aircraft and 7 freighters)

Singapore Airlines is a member of the global Star Alliance. As one of the world’s premium airlines,  Singapore Airlines has a young and modern fleet.

Recommended Read: Finding the right dividend stocks I will like to own.

Debt To Equity Ratio

Check for: Less than 0.5 D/E Ratio

Looking at the latest financial data online

SIA have a D/E ratio of 0.648.

This is higher than the 0.5 D/E Ratio.

A D/E ratio of more than 0.5 will means that the company is overleverage and might be a red flag if you are going to invest in low-risk stocks.

With a D/E of close to 1.0, which means the debt is just as much as the equity in the company. This is a very unhealthy balance sheet.

To understand this stock better, I’ve done a quick look at the past Debt to Equity Ratio for SIA:

YearD/E Ratio
20220.648
20210.901
20201.265
20190.501
20180.120

It seems to me that the D/E ratio has been <0.5 before 2019 before the pandemic hits the aviation industry.

2020 has been the worst year for SIA where the amount of debt exceeds the equity of the company by over 26.5%.

The D/E ratio started to drop in 2021 and 2022, but it is still >0.5.

This huge variation in the D/E Ratio is probably due to the pandemic.

I will probably guess that the pandemic, it has negatively impacted the company to increase its ability to generate higher revenue and income.

If we are looking just at the D/E ratio, the company has a high risk of the company defaulting.

My Opinion: Fail

Dividend Yield

Check for: More than a 2.5% dividend yield

For the years 2020 to 2022, SIA pay a dividend of SGD 0.00 which is about 0.00% in dividend yield.

SIA did not pay any dividends for the past 3 years.

This is lower than my target of 2.5%.

Looking at the distribution history, the dividend payment stops in 2020, which is probably due to the pandemic.

YearDividend in SGD
20220.00
20210.00
20200.00
20190.30
20180.38

For dividend stocks, I’ll prefer it to increase it’s dividend distribution year-on-year and not have this huge fluctuation.

The dividend yield is also much lower than the risk-free rate (CPF OA Account) of 2.5%. I will give it a verdict of fail.

My Opinion: Fail

Dividend Payout Ratio

Check for: Less than 80% dividend payout ratio

At the time of writing, a quick check using some of my favorite online stocks info tools shows that the dividend payout ratio for SIA is a big fat 0.00% which basically makes this section non-applicable.

When the payout ratio is 0%, it means the company doesn’t payout any dividends for the financial year. The company is not suitable for dividend investing.

Although a company is not suitable for dividend investing, it may be suitable for growth investing.

Nonetheless, SIA fails this section.

My Opinion: Fail

EPS Growth Rate

Check for: More than 10% EPS Growth

Earning Per Share (EPS) helps to analyze the profitability and quality of a stock.

Here, we will like to see an EPS growth of 5 years or more.

A quick check on the financials.

The EPS 5 year growth rate is “Blank”!

There is no Earning Per Share (EPS) for SIA in 2021!

When the EPS growth rate is blank, it means the company is not having any earnings, thus it is unable to have any growth rate.

Yup, the EPS for SIA is non-existent!

This means the company is losing the shareholder’s value.

The cause of a “blank” EPS growth rate is probably due to the pandemic, but I will not invest in a company that is losing money.

My Opinion: Fail

High Return Of Equity (ROE)

Check for: More than 10% ROE

ROE is one of the most important ratios used by Warren Buffett.

Return on Equity is used to measure the management’s ability to make a return on our investment.

At the time of writing, the ROE of SIA have an ROE of -5.021%.

A deep dive into the history of SIA shows it usually has an ROE of -33.9% to 10%.

YearROE %
2022-5.0%
2021-33.9%
2020-0.2%
20195.2%
201810.0%

A negative ROE is bad. An ROE of around -5.0% means that it is losing shareholder’s equity at 33.9% per year.

My Opinion: Fail

Price To Book Ratio

Check for: a P/B Ratio of less than 1.8

SIA is one of the most renowned companies with world-class airlines which tops the best airlines in the world.

With so much attention on SIA, the price of the stock will most likely be traded above its valuation (book value).

But the pandemic has impacted its business.

At the time of writing, the current P/B ratio of SIA is 0.703.

Meaning, it is trading at around its book value.

My Opinion: Pass

MOAT

Check for: Not just having a MOAT, but a great MOAT

SIA is the leading world-class airline that services most countries in the world.

Singapore Airlines is a Certified 5-Star Airline for the quality of its airport and onboard product and staff service.

Product rating is determined by

  • Cabin seats
  • Amenities
  • Food & beverages
  • IFE
  • Cleanliness
  • Service (Cabin staff and ground staff)

Long Haul

  • First Class
  • Business Class
  • Premium Economy
  • Economy Class

Short Haul

  • Business Class
  • Economy Class

The airline industry is a highly competitive industry.

Top 10 airlines for 2021

  1. Qatar Airways
  2. Air New Zealand
  3. Singapore Airlines
  4. Qantas
  5. Emirates
  6. Cathay Pacific
  7. Virgin Atlantic
  8. United Airlines
  9. EVA Air
  10. British Airways

SIA is currently ranked No.3 in the best airline to travel.

SIA is known for its stellar service standards by flight attendants. The airline is famous for its luxurious flight experiences across cabin classes, range of in-flight entertainment options, spacious cabins, and an overall pleasant flight experience.

SQ Girls is SIA’s visual advertising slogan applied to depictions of flight attendants of Singapore Airlines (SIA) dressed in the distinctive sarong kebaya SIA uniform.

According to Phil’s book Rule#1 investing, SIA has the “Brand MOAT”.

Brand MOAT can be an attractive MOAT, especially in a space where life and death matter. It allows you to price your product higher than your competitors while still being able to win the business.

In my opinion, SIA’s Brand MOAT is pretty strong.

My Opinion: Pass

Overall

SIA has a final score of 4/10.

With no dividend payout, no earning thus no EPS growth rate, and a negative ROE, I don’t think this will be a good dividend stock for me to buy.

Personally, I think the pandemic will continue impacting the company for the near foreseeable future as the pandemic rages worldwide.

Below is how I’ve scored SIA.

MetricsWeightageScore
Debt to Equity RatioHigh (2)0
Dividend YieldLow (1)0
Dividend payout ratioLow (1)0
EPS Growth RateLow (1)0
High Return on Equity (ROE)Low (1)0
Acceptable Price-to-Book RatioLow (1)1
MOATVery High (3)3
TotalNA4
My SIA’s Score Card as a Dividend Stock

Why do I find some metrics more important than others?

There are 3 attributes in a company that Warren Buffett wants in particular:

  • Wonderful Company at Fair Price
  • Stable & Understandable Business
  • Vigilant Leadership in Risk Management

This translate to the following 3 metrics I have on my list:

Thus, for these metrics, I will put a higher weightage in my scoring.

Question…

Will you like to buy this stock now?



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